The 2015 Paris Agreement and the United Nations` 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development both represent widely accepted political visions that signal a paradigm shift: from a “top-down” approach to defined international mandates to a bottom-up, country-driven implementation process. However, the limited interaction between the processes of the two programmes at the global and national levels threatens to hamper effective implementation. In addition, aggregated analyses are lacking to improve understanding of the potential overlaps, gaps and conflicts between the main implementation tools of the two agreements, the NDCs and the SDGs. Such analyses are essential to increase the coherence of plans and strategies and to improve the effectiveness of the implementation of both programmes. This document is intended to fill that gap. If we look at a future-to-future scenario in which countries implement the Paris Agreement, as outlined in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to curb global warming, we can see progress for all regions except the Middle East and North Africa, which are essentially unin touched. And on Thursday, September 26, the International Day for the Complete Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, a high-level ceremony for States to ratify the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons will take place at 5 p.m p.m. This first legally binding international instrument to ban nuclear weapons has so far been signed by 60 States and ratified by 15. It prohibits a wide range of activities related to nuclear weapons, such as the obligation to develop, test, manufacture, manufacture, acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, and the use or threat of use of such weapons. The treaty will enter into force 90 days after it has been ratified by at least 50 countries. Our analysis takes into account 27 indicators, including 16 SDGs, collected for countries around the world over the past 30 years.
We used statistical techniques to study how these values are actually correlated with significant socio-economic variables and designed a business-as-usual scenario using a computable general equilibrium model to obtain projections of SDG indicators up to 2030. Trade is a strong ally for sustainable development. The founding agreement of the CMOs recognises sustainable development as a central principle. The authors conduct a global analysis that examines the extent to which climate action contained in countries` NDCs is linked to the 17 SDGs. The analysis, which draws on the results of the NDC-SDG Connections tool, shows both the areas of sustainable development that are directly addressed by climate action and those that are not currently included in the activities of NDCs. The paper shows that the actions outlined in the NDCs promote synergies with national development priorities to varying degrees, reflecting the 2030 Agenda. .